From now on, it is the Simla agreement, not the 1949 UN Security Council resolution, that would be the touchstone between the two countries, both for negotiations and for disputes, according to the treaty. According to the Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Simla agreement was therefore “much more than a peace treaty that wants to reverse the consequences of the 1971 war (i.e. cause the withdrawal of troops and the exchange of prisoners of war) “It was a complete blue impression for the good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. As part of the Simla agreement, the two countries pledged to end the conflicts and confrontations that have affected relations in the past and to work towards lasting peace, friendship and cooperation. ” iii) that the precondition for reconciliation, good neighbourliness and lasting peace between them is the commitment of the two countries to coexist peacefully, without territorial integrity and sovereignty and non-interference in the internal affairs of the other taking place on the basis of equality and mutual utility. That the fundamental issues and causes of the conflicts that have affected relations between the two countries over the past 25 years be resolved by peaceful means.  Donald Trump`s offer to help India and Pakistan resolve the Kashmir issue became a major controversy after India rejected the US president`s assertion that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had filed a motion to do so. As the U.S. government tries to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue “bilateral” to “discuss India and Pakistan,” the focus has shifted again to previous “bilateral agreements,” whose 1972 Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement), signed by then-Indian and Pakistani Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto , for friendly relations between the two countries. Forty-seven years have passed since India and Pakistan signed the Simla Agreement to peacefully resolve all disputes and problems between the two countries. This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of ratification instruments.
 (iii) Withdrawals begin with the demins of this agreement and are concluded within thirty days.  Both governments will take all measures in their power to prevent hostile propaganda against each other. The two countries will promote the dissemination of this information, which would promote the development of friendly relations between them. As part of the agreement, the two nations, India and Pakistan, had agreed to refrain from threats and violence in violation of the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir. The Delhi Agreement on the Return of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between these states, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, the Foreign Minister of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, the Indian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Pakistani government.    US President Donald Trump`s recent statement on plausible mediation in the Kashmir dispute – between India and Pakistan – once again shed light on the 1972 Shimla Agreement.